The Kingdom of Eswatini is landlocked country in the southern part of Africa Surrounded by South Africa to the north, west and south and Mozambique to the east. The Swazi Kingdom rose to fame early in the 19th century, under the leadership of King Sobhuza I, who enlarged the land by conquering and absorbing numbers of non-Nguni people. The Kingdom of Eswatini became independent on 6 September 1968 from British Colonization and it went on to join the Commonwealth in 1973. The King cancelled the independence constitution, eliminating parliament and all political parties. A new system of governance, Tinkhundla, was introduced in 1978 and refurbished in 1993. When King Sobhuza died in 1982, there was a four-year delay before Prince Makhosetive acceded to the throne as King Mswati III in 1986 to date. A national population census conducted for the kingdom in 2017, puts the population of the country at 1,467,152 (50.80% males & 49.20% females).
The ethnic group in Eswatini is predominantly Swazi with smaller populations of other African ethnic groups, including the Zulu, as well as people of European descent. There are two official languages in Eswatini which are SiSwati and English which is used for government business. The economy is fairly diversified with mining, forestry, and agriculture accounting for nearly 13% of the GDP while manufacturing, including sugar and textile processing, represent 37%. In 2018, GDP for Eswatini was 4.71 billion US dollars. The inflation rate is 1.6%.
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